by The Jukes Group – Publisher Wiley Books

ENCYCLOPEDIA OF MARITIME AND OFFSHORE ENGINEERINGThe Jukes Groups has just completed writing and editing an Encyclopedia about Maritime and Offshore Engineering. Dr. Paul Jukes was one of the 3 Editors-in-Chief, along with Prof. John Carlton and Prof. Yoo Sang Choo. The encyclopedia took 5 years to write, consisting of 6 volumes, and covers the latest themes and technology related to Maritime and Offshore Engineering. Pulling together such an Encyclopedia was a massive task, and consisted of a team of 20 Section Editors and 360 technical writers. A big thank you to everyone who participated. “This publication was a once in a lifetime opportunity and it was great to receive the first hard copy from Wiley.” said Dr. Paul Jukes, President & CEO of The Jukes Group.
If you would like to purchase a copy please got to:

The Encyclopedia of Maritime and Offshore Engineering (EMOE) provides an unparalleled major reference work covering the design, construction and operation of ships, offshore installations and other marine structures used for transportation, exploration and the exploitation of ocean-based resources including oil, gas and renewable energy. It embraces all of the disciplines of engineering and naval architecture that are found in the complementary marine and offshore industries.
Advances in ship technology, the growth of the offshore energy sector, and increasing activities in arctic and ultra-deepwater environments all highlight the need for an up-to-date reference work on the proposed scale. Operational and regulatory aspects of maritime industries will also be included. The technical sections are supported by the appropriate theoretical background information: for example, hydrodynamics and numerical analysis methods of fluid and stress analysis.
The full editorial team and contributing authors is drawn worldwide from renowned engineers, scientists and practitioners in both the academic an industrial sectors.

Table of contents

Editorial Board v
Dedication vii
Contributors xvii
Foreword xxxi
Preface xxxiii

Part 1 General
Historical Background
1 Historical Development of the Marine Industry by Barbara E. Jones
2 Historical Development of the Offshore Industry by Victor A. Schmidt, Bruce Crager, and George Rodenbusch Metocean
3 MetOcean Parameters and Processes by Steven F. DiMarco
4 Tides and Water Levels by Ivan D. Haigh
5 Wind, Wave and Current Modeling and Prediction by James M. Kaihatu
6 Ice Mechanics and Structures by Achim Stössel
7 Estimation of Extreme Met-Ocean Conditions for Offshore Engineering Applications by Vijay Panchang and Chan K. Jeong

Basic Hydrodynamics and Wave Dynamics
8 Inviscid Hydrodynamics by Richard Manasseh
9 Potential Wave Theory, Instability of Wave Trains by Victor Shrira and Sergei Annenkov
10 Characteristics of Viscous, Rotational and Irrotational Flows by Toshio Funada
11 Turbulence by Michael Shats and Hua Xia
12 Rotational Waves, Wave Turbulence, and Wave Attenuation by Sergei I. Badulin
13 Flow Around Ships and Underwater Vehicles by Alessandro Iafrati
14 Types of Ocean Surface Waves, Wave Classification by Alessandro Toffoli and Elzbieta M. Bitner-Gregersen
15 Regular, Irregular Waves and the Wave Spectrum by Ian R. Young
16 Frequency-Direction Spectra of Wind-Generated Gravity Waves by Mark A. Donelan
17 Wave and Crest Height Distributions by George Z. Forristall
18 Generation of Waves by Wind by Tihomir Hristov

19 Wave Breaking and Dissipation by Alexander V. Babanin
20 Finite-Depth and Shallow Water Waves by Jacco Groeneweg and Ap van Dongeren
21 Wave–Current Interaction by André J. van der Westhuysen
22 Wave–Ice Interactions by Hayley H. Shen
23 Wave Boundary Layer in the Lower Atmosphere by Yuliya I. Troitskaya
24 Wave Effects in the Upper Ocean by Fangli Qiao and Chuan Jiang Huang
25 Internal Waves by Nicole L. Jones and Gregory N. Ivey
26 Spectral Wave Modeling by Luigi Cavaleri
27 Phase-Resolving Wave Modeling by Dmitry Chalikov

Computational Fluid Dynamics and Numerical Analysis
28 Fluid–Structure Interactions in Marine Engineering by Qingwei Ma, Venkatachalam Sriram, and Shiqiang Yan
29 CFD Methods in Ship Hydrodynamics by Rickard E. Bensow
30 CFD Modeling of Diesel Combustion by Konstantina Vogiatzaki

Materials 363
31 Properties of Materials by Deborah Buswell, Jack Smart, and Binder Singh
32 Mechanical Testing of Metals by Ramesh Singh
33 Common Marine Alloys by Roger Francis
34 Composite Materials by Felicity J. Guild, Ambrose C. Taylor, and Jon Downes
35 Offshore Life Cycle Materials Performance by Tim Martin and Binder Singh
36 Fabrication Welding Processes by Paul Jukes
37 Modes of Fracture by Michael G. Burns P. E.
38 Materials for Arctic Environments by Ramesh Singh
39 Marine and Subsea External Seawater Side Corrosion by Paul Jukes and Binder Singh
40 Internal Corrosion Considerations for Offshore Oil and Gas Production (Downhole and Production) by Eric Caldwell

Condition Monitoring and Non-Destructive Testing Methods 493
41 Introduction to Nondestructive Testing and Condition Monitoring by Daniel C. Shorten
42 Nondestructive Testing Methods by Martyn Wright
43 Vibration Analysis in Marine Applications by Gerald Rolfe and Svetoslav Staykov
44 Ultrasound by Walter Vervloesem, (FNI)
45 Acoustic Emission Techniques and Application by Len Rogers
46 Optical Fiber Sensors for Marine Structural Condition Monitoring by Tong Sun and Kenneth T. V. Grattan
47 Shipboard Condition Monitoring by Stuart Lunt
48 Condition Monitoring of Steerable Thrusters, An Overview, Practical Considerations and Example Cases by Frank Velthuis
49 Infrared Thermography by Simon Edmondson
50 Strategic Maintenance Management by Daniel C. Shorten

Systems Engineering, Risk Assessment and Human Factors
51 Risk Analysis by Ahmed Hassanin and Paul Jukes
52 Acceptability of Risk by Bharat Tulsyan
53 Probabilistic Methods by Arindam Chakraborty
54 Human Factors by Christopher Parker and Sam Ranasinghe

Editorial Board v

Part 2 Marine

Ship Types, Duties, General Characteristics
55 Ship Types, Duties, and General Characteristics by John S. Carlton

Resistance, Propulsion and Propulsors
56 Propulsor Types by Do Ligtelijn and Jie Dang
57 Ship Performance Prediction by Neil Bose and Jonathan R. Binns
58 Propulsion Model Testing by Manfred Mehmel and Hans-Jürgen Heinke
59 Numerical and Hybrid Prediction Methods for Ship Resistance and Propulsion by Hoyte C. Raven
60 Statistical and Theoretical Prediction Methods by Martin T. van Hees
61 Fundamentals of Cavitation by Tuomas P. Sipilä
62 High Speed Craft by Lex Keuning and Do Ligtelijn
63 Hydrodynamic Analysis of Marine Propulsors by Spyros A. Kinnas
64 Propeller Design Process by Do Ligtelijn
65 Propeller Blade Strength by John S. Carlton
66 Propeller Manufacture and Tolerances by André Janssen and Sylvia Leever
67 Delivery Trials by Henk van den Boom
68 Service Performance and Operational Issues by John Carlton
69 Propeller Maintenance and Repair by Adri J. van Kooij

70 Maneuvering and Coursekeeping Characteristics by Anthony F. Molland and Dominic A. Hudson
71 Maneuvering Experiments by Hironori Yasukawa
72 Rudder Types and Applications by Anthony F. Molland
73 Maneuvering in Shallow and Confined Water by Marc Vantorre, Katrien Eloot, Guillaume Delefortrie, Evert Lataire, Maxim Candries, and Jeroen Verwilligen
74 Coursekeeping and Maneuvering in Waves by Dominic A. Hudson
75 Maneuvering Applications of Steerable Pods and Duct Units by Noriyuki Sasaki and Mehmet Atlar
76 Dynamic Positioning by Tristan Perez

Seakeeping, Stability and Subdivision
77 Seakeeping: Waves and Wave Spectra by John Carlton
78 Seakeeping: Physical Aspects by John Carlton
79 Seakeeping: Theoretical Aspects by John Carlton

Marine Shafting Systems and Gearboxes
80 Main Propulsion Arrangement and Power Generation Concepts by Douwe Stapersma
81 Plain Bearings in Marine Applications by Madan Pal, Ian Kerr, and John Harrison
82 Marine Gearboxes by Yuzhong Song and Yukihisa Shibata
83 Lubricant Types and Performance in Marine Propulsion Systems by Phil Cumberlidge
84 Lubrication of Propulsion Systems and Gearboxes by Phil Cumberlidge
85 Static and Dynamic Shaft System Alignment by Andrew Smith
86 Torsional Vibrations by Erik Sandberg
87 Shaft Vibration: Axial Vibration by Wilfried Schiffer

Prime Movers, Marine, Combustion, Marine Lubricants and Tribology
88 Slow-Speed Two-Stroke Engines by Nikolaos P. Kyrtatos
89 Medium Speed Diesel Engines for Maritime Applications by Udo Schlemmer-Kelling
90 Lubrication Requirements for Two- and Four-Stroke Marine Reciprocating Engines by Kjeld Aabo and Christoph Rohbogner
91 Gas Turbines for Marine Applications by Abdulnaser I. Sayma
92 Marine Waste Heat Recovery System by Santiago Suárez de la Fuente

Ship Structures
93 Sea Loads by Carlos Guedes Soares
94 Global Hull-Girder Response (Quasi-Static, Prismatic Beam Models) by Petri Varsta, Heikki Remes, and Jani Romanoff
95 Slamming by Odd M. Faltinsen
96 Dynamic Hull-Girder Response to Waves by Yousheng Wu
97 Ultimate Strength of Ship Structures by Jeom Kee Paik
98 Detailed Structural Design by Eike Lehmann
99 Fatigue and Fracture of Ship Structures by Wolfgang Fricke
100 Finite Element Methods and Approaches by Simon Benson and Matthew D. Collette
101 Accidental Loads by Jørgen Amdahl
102 Structural Design Methods and Documentation by Jean-Yves Pradillon, Christian Cabos, Jean-David Caprace, Zbigniew Jan Czaban, Jörg Peschmann, and Vedran Zanic
103 Reliability and Code Calibration by Torfinn Hørte and Liv Hovem, and Jan Mathisen
104 Measurements and Structural Monitoring by Gaute Storhaug

Editorial Board v

Ship Vibration, Noise and Habitability
105 Regulatory and Classification Limits by Kai A. Abrahamsen
106 Ship Noise Control by Raymond W. Fischer and Michael A. Bahtiarian
107 Ship Vibration, Global, and Local Modes by Holger Mumm
108 Machinery Noise and Vibration Sources by Carlo Pestelli, Hannu Tienhaara, and Moreno Almerigogna
109 Propeller- and Thruster-Induced Noise and Vibration by Arnt Egil Ræstad and Tormod Gjestland
110 Calculation Methods for Vibration and Structure-Borne Noise by Malcolm G. Smith and Simon N. Roberts
111 Structure-Borne Noise Transmission in Ships by Anders Nilsson
112 Underwater Noise Radiation, Mechanisms, and Control by Igor V. Grushetsky, Valeriy A. Kalyu, Yuri F. Shlemov, and Vladimir I. Tarovik
113 Underwater Noise from Large Commercial Ships—International Collaboration for Noise Reduction by Brandon L. Southall, Amy R. Scholik-Schlomer, Leila Hatch, Trisha Bergmann, Michael Jasny, Kathy Metcalf, Lindy Weilgart, and Andrew J. Wright

Electrical and Control
114 Electric Propulsion Drives and Power Electronics by Iñigo Atutxa, Gonzalo Abad, and John Carlton
115 Power Generation and Distribution Systems by Iñigo Atutxa, Gonzalo Abad, and John Carlton
116 Faults and Fault Protection by Iñigo Atutxa, Gonzalo Abad, and John Carlton
117 Electric Propulsion Case Studies by Iñigo Atutxa, Gonzalo Abad, and John Carlton
118 Configuration Management as a Risk-Based Tool in Managing Dependability of Complex Software-Based Systems by Bernard J. Twomey
119 System Design and Integration by Bernard Twomey
120 The “Cyber-Enabled Ship”—What Are the Risks and What Are the Mitigations? By Bernard Twomey

Ship-Ice Interaction
121 Description of Ice Types and Ice Conditions by Robert Frederking
122 Sea Ice Dynamics by Jari Haapala
123 Navigation in Ice Conditions by Ilmari Aro
124 Icebreakers by Alexander V. Andryushin
125 Ice Class and Ice-Going Merchant Ships by Desmond Upcraft
126 Ice Action on Ship Hull by Kaj Riska
127 Ice Loading on Ship Hull by Pentti Kujala
128 Ice Loading on Propulsion by Samuli H¨anninen and Torsten Heideman
129 Structural Design in Ice by Håvard Nyseth
130 Propulsion in Ice by Brian Veitch
131 Ship Performance in Ice by Koh Izumiyama
132 Machinery Loading and Protection by Andrew Smith
133 Risks and Damages Caused in Ice Navigation by Robert Bridges
134 Ship Design for Ice by Harri Eronen
135 Ice Model Tests by Göran Wilkman, Topi Leiviskä, and Reko-Antti Suojanen
136 Ice Class Rules and International Regulations by Jorma K¨amäräinen and Kaj Riska
137 Winterization by Morten Mejlænder-Larsen
138 Environmental Impacts from Ships Operating in Polar Regions by Victor Santos Pedro and Drummond Fraser

Ship Design, Maintenance and Drydocking
139 Ship Acquisition, Production, Maintenance, and Repair by John Daidola
140 Hull Coatings, Maintenance, and Repair by Joseph Breglia

Naval Ships and Submarines
141 Introduction—What Makes a Warship? By Rachel J. Pawling
142 Warship Machinery Constraints by Nick Bradbeer and Alistair Greig
143 Warship Design by David Andrews
144 Combat Systems by Jonathan Gates
145 Submarine Design by David Andrews

Operation and Regulatory Issues 2025
146 Ship Registration by David Wright
147 Flag State Administrations by Douglas Bell
148 Port State Control by Ivo Snijders and Richard Schiferli
149 Classification Societies by Anthony D. Muncer
150 Aspects of the Maritime Environmental and Ship Routing by Simon Culshaw
151 Maritime Education and Training (MET) by Paul Russell
152 The Human Element in Shipping by Michael L. Barnett and Claire H. Pekcan
153 Simulator Training by Daniel J. Manning
154 Voyage Planning by Daniel L. Wood
155 Pilotage by Kevin Constable and Richard Wild
156 Ballast Water Management by John Carlton
157 Third-Party Ship Management by Nigel D. Cleave

Marine Terminals, Coastal Engineering and Transportation
158 Introduction to Port Systems by Khalid Bichou
159 Break Bulk and Bulk Terminals by Dingena L. Schott and Mariëlle van den Hoed
160 Liquid Bulk and Oil Terminals by Yun H. Venus Lun and Wenting Zhu
161 Container Terminals by Dimitrios Pachakis
162 Transport Modes and Intermodality by Olli-Pekka Hilmola
163 Dry Ports and Logistics Platforms by Violeta Roso and Dan Andersson
164 Port Logistics and Hinterland Development by Khalid Bichou
165 Port Equipment and Technology by Rudy R. Negenborn, Dingena L. Schott, and Francesco Corman
166 Port Planning: A Case Study Applied to Iron Ore Port Terminal by Newton Narciso Pereira, João F. Netto, Rui C. Botter, and Afonso C. Medina
167 Port Efficiency and Performance Benchmarking by Khalid Bichou
168 The Port Security Framework by Khalid Bichou
169 Supply Chain Risk and Vulnerability in Maritime Ports and Terminals by Risto Talas, David Menachof, and Kelvin Harris
170 Port Environmental Management by Thalis P. V. Zis, Panagiotis A. Angeloudis, and Khalid Bichou

Editorial Board v

Part 3 Offshore

Offshore Technology
171 Hydrodynamic Scale Model Tests for Offshore Structures by Hans Cozijn and Jorrit-Jan Serraris
172 Classification and Certification by Henning Carlsen and Michiel van der Geest
173 Safety Management of Offshore Installations by Chengi Kuo
174 Underwater Technology Platforms by Asgeir J. Sørensen and Martin Ludvigsen
175 A Brief Review of Structural Health Monitoring with Special Focus on Damage Detection and Sensor Optimization by Sam Maopeng Fang, John Michael Niedzwecki, Memhet Cem Ozbey, and Travis John Cummis

Subsea Technology
176 Practical Challenges that Flow Assurance Engineers Face During Engineering Design and Field Operations by Frank Yang
177 Corrosion by Li Sun
178 Subsea Production Control Systems by Jamie P. Maxwell
179 Subsea Trees by Kartik Sharma
180 Riser Technology by William Thomas
181 PLEMs, PLETs, and Manifolds by Kartik Sharma
182 Subsea Processing of Multiphase Flow by Loh W. Lam

Safety and Reliability
183 Introduction by Faisal Khan and Seyed Javad Hashemi
184 Accident Investigations and Safety Management by Faisal Khan and Seyed J. Hashemi
185 Knowledge Management and Practical Safety by Robert S. Wittkower
186 Explosion and Fire Risk by Ali Sari
187 Blowout Risk in Drilling and Production by Faisal Khan, Majeed Abimbola, and Seyed Javad Hashemi
188 Ship Collision Risk by Ali Sari, Umid Azimov
189 Dropped Objects by Ali Sari
190 Safety of Offshore Platforms by Jai Dhodhi, Kartik Sharma, and Ahmed Hassanin
191 Safety of Compliant or Floating Platforms by Jeffrey S. Bryant
192 Safety of Risers, Pipelines, and Subsea Facilities by Yong Bai and Qiang Bai
193 Safety of Dynamic Positioning by Odd I. Haugen and Øyvind R. Smogeli
194 Safe Evacuation and Rescue by Gina Nwose and Stannia Sofyan
195 Statutory Framework for Safety and Environmental Protection for Offshore Petroleum Operations for the UK Continental Shelf by Maxxine Roopchand

Fixed Structures
196 Types of Bottom-Founded Structures by Gary Humphrey
197 Concrete Gravity Platforms by Tor O. Olsen
198 Compliant Towers by Carlos Llorente and Peter Marshall
199 Production Jack-Up by Pierre-Armand Thomas
200 Topsides Facilities Design by David Knoll and Gail Baxter

Jack-Up Structures
201 The Jack-Up Platform Overview by Laurie F. Boswell
202 Marine Warranty Survey for Jack-ups by Alberto Morandi
203 Jack-Up Foundations by David Menzies, Alan G Young, and John S. Templeton, III
204 Design of Jack-Ups by Gregers Kudsk
205 Site Assessment for Jack-Up Rigs by Gary Humphrey
206 Jack-Up Risk and Reliability by Paul A. Frieze and Alberto Morandi
207 Management of the Hazards Associated with a Jack-Up Rig Deployment by Rupert J. Hunt
208 Afloat Stability of Jack-Ups by Joseph H. Rousseau and J. Andrew Breuer
209 Fracture Mechanics Models for Fatigue Assessment of Jack-Up Tubular Joints by Sing P. Chiew and Chi K. Lee
210 The Properties of Steels Used in Jack-Up Platforms by Stefan Herion

Floating Structures
211 Deepwater Floating Production Systems—An Overview by Christopher M. Barton
212 Naval Architecture by Debabrata Sen
213 SPAR by Yijun Shen
214 FPSO by Andrew Newport
215 Semisubmersibles by Alaa M. Mansour, Bill Greiner, Chunfa Wu, Nithin Simon, Garabed Srabian, and Ashish Bagaria
216 Tension Leg Platform (TLP) by Edmund Muehlner
217 Mooring Systems by Chi-Tat T. Kwan
218 Buoy Technology by Julien Mazallon

Editorial Board v

Integrity Management 2917
219 Structural Integrity Management (SIM): Offshore Structures by Pat O’Connor
220 Reassessment of Fixed Offshore Structures by Graham Stewart
221 Fatigue Life Extension by Inge Lotsberg
222 Ultimate Strength Analysis by Tore Holmas and Jorgen Amdahl
223 Reserve Strength and Redundancy by Ahmed Hassanin and Paul Jukes
224 Hydrodynamics of Substructure and Wave-in-Deck Loading on Fixed Steel Platforms by Peter S. Tromans
225 Remediation and Repair of Offshore Structures by Nigel W. Nichols and Riaz Khan
226 Inspection Strategies by Brian Gibbs
227 Risk Reduction Strategies by Andre C.M. van der Stap

Petroleum Technology
228 The Impact of Geology on Offshore Development by Stephen O. Sears
229 Overview of Offshore Drilling Technologies by Muhammad Zulqarnain and Rivers Fike
230 Overview of Petroleum Production Technologies—Concepts and System Description by Mayank Tyagi
231 Overview of Petroleum Reservoir Engineering Concepts by Richard G. Hughes
232 Exploration: Seismic Surveys, Drilling, Logging, and Cores by Jozina B. Dirkzwager
233 Advanced Deepwater Drilling Topics by Babak Akbari
234 Offshore Petroleum Production Technologies—Overview by Mayank Tyagi
235 Regulations Governing Offshore Oil and Gas Operations by Muhammad Zulqarnain
236 New Frontiers and Deepwater Technology/Ultradeepwater Challenges (with Safety Systems) by Pramod Naik
237 Offshore Spill Response Systems: Capping and Containment by Mayank Tyagi

Pipeline Technology
238 Offshore Pipeline Design Technology by John G. Bomba
239 Flow Assurance by Ashutosh Kak, Weihong Meng, and Norman F. Carnahan
240 Pipe Manufacture and Fabrication by Jeffrey R. O’Donnell and Qiang Zeng
241 Pipeline Mechanical Design by Ahmed Hassanin and Paul Jukes
242 Offshore Pipeline Stability Analysis by Ian Nash and Mark Haine
243 Pipeline Technology—Expansion and Global Buckling by David A.S. Bruton
244 Pipeline Spanning by Jason Sun and Shawn Huang
245 Pipeline Fatigue and Fracture Design by Qiang Bai and Junhua Pan
246 Offshore Pipeline Construction and Installation by Paul Jukes
247 Flood, Gauge, and Test; Pre-Commission; Commission; and Decommission by Ahmed Hassanin and Paul Jukes
248 Inspection, Monitoring, Maintenance, and Repair by Ahmed Hassanin and Paul Jukes
249 LNG/LPG Subsea Loading Lines by Clifford N. Prescott
250 Systems Completion and Commissioning by Alan Mills

Riser Technology
251 Risers Introduction by Charles A. Miller
252 Steel Catenary Riser (SCR) by Partha Sharma and Paul Stanton
253 Top Tensioned Risers (TTRs) by Karan Kakar and Peter Padelopoulos
254 Hybrids by David P. Thomas, Giulio Fatica, Roberto Palladini, and Realino Hidajat
255 Flexible Pipes by Yijun Shen and Tricia Hill
256 Umbilicals by Kevin Haverty and Kevin Huang
257 Drilling Risers and Well Intervention by Donogh W. Lang
258 Riser Design by William Thomas
259 Riser Vortex-Induced Vibrations by Aravind R. Nair, Vivek Jaiswal, and Troy D. McGinty
260 Riser Fatigue by John Chappell and Kirk Brownlee

Ocean Mining
261 History of Deep-Ocean Mining by Tetsuo Yamazaki and Frank H. (Ted) Brockett
262 Dredging and Shallow Water Mining by Henk van Muijen
263 Trafficability of Seafloor Vehicles by Jon Machin
264 Seafloor Massive Sulfide Resources by John W. Jamieson, Mark D. Hannington, and Sven Petersen
265 Subsea Mining Vehicles by Jon Machin

Ocean Space Utilization
266 Mega-Float by Shigeo Ohmatsu
267 Mobile Offshore Base by Hideyuki Suzuki
268 Hydroelastic Response of Very Large Floating Structures by Kazuhiro Iijima

Polar and Arctic Technology
269 Resource Development in Arctic Regions by Shawn Kenny and Paul Jukes

Editorial Board v

Ocean Renewable Energy
270 Introduction to Offshore Renewables by John James Sturman
271 Offshore Wind Energy Technology by Athanasios Kolios and Estivaliz Lozano-Minguez
272 Wave Energy by Jochem W. Weber
273 Tidal Energy by Tom Wills
274 Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion by Elena Hauerhof
275 Green Ship of the Future Christos Chryssakis

Offshore Geotechnics 3617
276 Integrated Geophysical and Geotechnical Planning: Through Use of Integrated Geoscience Techniques by Ian Finnie and Stella Kortekaas
277 Geohazard Risk Assessment and Seismicity by James Hengesh and David Baumont
278 Submarine Landslides—Stability Analysis and Risk Assessment for Offshore Developments by Alexander M. Puzrin, David Rushton, Brian Mackenzie, Leonid N. Germanovich, and Mark Randolph
279 Seabed Gas Hydrates by Nabil Sultan, Livio Ruffine, Sébastien Garziglia, Stéphan Ker, Maarten Vanneste, and Gary D. Humphrey
280 The Generation of Tsunamis by David R. Tappin
281 Seabed Processes: Sediment Transport, Scour, and Sedimentation by Scott Draper, John M. Harris, Liang Cheng, and David J. White
282 Geophysical Techniques for Offshore Site Investigation by Steve Tyler and Maarten Vanneste, and David Butler
283 Geotechnical Investigation and In Situ Testing by Nick Ramsey
284 Laboratory Testing by J. Antonio H. Carraro, Nathalie Boukpeti, Yaurel Guadalupe-Torres, and Hackmet Joer
285 Geotechnical Interpretative Report by Hackmet Joer
286 Shallow Foundations by Susan Gourvenec, Alessandro Amodio, and Michael O’Neill
287 Spudcan–Seabed Interaction by Britta Bienen and Muhammad S. Hossain
288 Pile Foundations: Installation by James Schneider, Mark Randolph, Bob Stevens, and Carl Erbrich
289 Pile Foundations: Design for Axial and Lateral Loading by Mark Randolph and James Schneider
290 Suction Caisson Anchors by Susan Gourvenec and Ed Clukey
291 Anchoring Systems: Anchor Types, Installation, and Design by Conleth O’Loughlin, Steven Neubecker, and Christophe Gaudin
292 Pipe–Seabed Interaction by David White and Fraser Bransby
293 Physical Modeling of Foundation Systems by Christophe Gaudin and Conleth O’Loughlin
294 Numerical Modeling for Geotechnical Design by Dong Wang